05 Aug Do You Have Gum Disease?
Posted by: Jodie Blades Dental Nurse NVQ Level 3
Medically reviewed by: Dr Farnoosh Mimeh BDS MFDS RCS (Eng) General Dentist & Aesthetics Practitioner
Periodontal disease or Gum Disease, as it is most commonly known, refers to the oral health conditions which cause inflammation of the tissues surrounding your teeth. In its early stage gum disease is called gingivitis, while in its more developed and serious stage it is known as periodontitis.
The key to combatting gum disease is catching it early, treating the issues causing it and preventing tooth loss or the need for more serious treatments.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum Disease is caused by the bacteria in the mouth infecting the tissue around the teeth. The main culprit is plaque bacteria, it uses the sugars and carbohydrates in your food to produce acids. these acids irritate your gums and the toxins it releases cause inflammation and damage to the surrounding gum tissue. Your body responds to this by sending more blood to the affected area, which causes your gums to bleed when you brush. By removing the plaque from you teeth, properly and effectively, you reduce your risk of developing gingivitis.
Research suggests that 90% of adults in the UK have some form of gum disease, for many these are mild cases. It is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults, despite the fact that it is easily prevented. Maintaining a good oral hygiene routine with regular brushing, check-ups with your dentist, and hygienist appointments is key to preventing this disease.
Other Factors And Causes
- Crooked or Overlapped Teeth
- Cancer or Cancer Treatment
- HIV or AIDS
- Hormonal Changes
- Poor Nutrition
- Reduced Saliva Production
What Are The Signs?
Prevention is key. If you experience any of these common signs of gum disease, we would urge you to visit your dentist as soon as possible.
- Bad Breath
- Red or Swollen Gums
- Bleeding Gums After Brushing
- Pain When Chewing
- Loose Teeth
- Sensitive Teeth
- Receding Gums
The first thing to do, if you suspect you have gum disease is, book an appointment with your dentist. They will asses the condition and it’s severity and come up with a cause of treatment, suited to you.
There are a number of treatments your dentist might suggest to help to rid you of your gum diseases. For very mild cases, simply using a specialised mouth wash and enhancing your regular oral hygiene regime may be all that is needed. However, if your condition is more serious there are a number of other options available.
If you are concerned about your oral health contact us today to book an appointment with one of our expert dentists. Take advantage of our New Patient Offer, Just £75.